Tensile test on Strips and Plastic Films

ISO 527-3, ASTM D 882

ISO 527-3, ASTM D 882

ASTM D882 and the ISO 527-3 are a common standards that is used to determine the tensile properties of plastic film or sheeting

This test allows to determine properties as tensile strength, yield strength, yield strain, strain at break, and modulus of elasticity. Due to the flexible, delicate nature of these plastic specimens, both gripping and strain measurement can be a challenge.

Shape is easily produced by a cutting press or a film cutting device. Dumbbell specimens are often used for quality control and require a direct measuring extensometer for strain acquisition directly on the specimen. For tests on strips the results for strain at break depend on the shape and the clamping type of the specimen. 

25 mm x 25 mm rubber grip face size is commonly used for this material, that match the width of the gripped or tabbed end of the specimen. The matching width allows for ease of specimen alignment, which is critical for good breaks and accurate test results. The gripping must prevent slipping of the material at relatively high loads but not tear into the material and cause premature specimen failure.

We suggest to use parallel grips for applying enough pressure to avoid specimen slippage as premature failure and Video Extensometer to measure accurately strain values. We evaluated each specimen for slipping by marking the position of the faces on the material with a black water-based marker. Marking with paint pens and marking templates are provided with the instrument. Non-contacting video extensometry is usually the best solution, as typical clip-on extensometers weigh down the specimen, while knife edges tear at the specimen - both affecting test results.

Our Graphwork software has advanced pre-built methods available with pre-configured plastic specific calculations helping to ensure compliance. Using features such as an appropriate preload is critical for achieving accurate, repeatable results. A preload eliminates the compressive forces on a specimen that often occur when initially placed into grips.

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